Passover Week

There seems to be a lot of confusion about the events of Passover. So, here is a schedule of what happened, comparing the Old Testament activities with their fulfillment in Jesus Christ. Please remember that the Hebrew calendar was based on the moon, and a day started at sunset, not midnight!

Day 1 - 11 Nissan (Sunday)

New Testament

  • Jesus rides into Jerusalem and is hailed as King – Matthew 21:1-11
  • Jesus cleansed the temple – Matthew 21:12-13
  • Jesus healed the sick – Matthew 21:14-16

Old Testament

By this time, nine (9) of the plagues had already pressed hard on Egypt, but Pharaoh would not let the Israelites go. The Passover lamb was brought into the home to live with the family for 4 days.

Day 2 - 12 Nissan (Monday)

New Testament

  • After sunset, Jesus went back to Bethany (about 2 miles east of Jerusalem on the east slope of Olivet)
  • In the morning He cursed the fig tree. Mark 11:12-14
  • The rest of the day was spent in the temple teaching:
  • The authority of Jesus – Matthew 21:23-27
  • The two sons – Matthew 21:28-32
  • The wicked tenants – Matthew 21:33-46
  • The marriage feast – Matthew 22:1-14
  • The tax question – Matthew 22:15-22
  • The resurrection – Matthew 22:23-33
  • The great commandment – Matthew 22: 34-40
  • About David’s son – Matthew 22:41-46
  • Woes against the Pharisees – Matthew 23:1-36
  • Leaving the temple, Jesus outlined the future – Matthew 24:1-39
  • The ten virgins – Matthew 25:1-13
  • The talents – Matthew 25:14-30
  • The coming judgment – Matthew 25:31-46
  • Then, Judas contacts the authorities – Matthew 26:14-16

Old Testament

The Passover lamb was living in the home…no doubt causing some trouble!

Day 3 - 13 Nissan (Tuesday)

New Testament

  • Jesus did not do any public teaching this day.
  • The withered fig tree – Mark 11:20-26
  • Back to Jerusalem for the Passover meal – Matthew 26:17-19
  • The disciples got everything ready for Passover (Matt 26:17-19 and Luke 22:13-20).

Old Testament

The Passover lamb was living in the home…but this was the Preparation Day, to get everything ready for the Passover meal.

Day 4 - 14 Nissan (Wednesday) - People still worked on this day

New Testament

  • After sunset, Jesus ate the Passover meal with the disciples – Luke 22:13-20
  • Jesus exposed Judas – Matthew 26:21-25
  • Praying in the garden at Gethsemane – Matthew 26:30-36
  • The battle intensified for Jesus – Matthew 26:37-46
  • During the night Jesus was arrested – Matthew 26:47-56
  • Jesus was taken to the court of the Jews for “inspection” – Matthew 26:57-68
  • The denial of Peter – Matthew 26:69-75
  • At about 6:00 A.M. Jesus was taken to Pilate for “inspection” – Matthew 27:1-2
  • Judas commits suicide – Matthew 27:3-10
  • Jesus is “inspected” in the Roman court, and was found “pure” (no fault is in Him) – Matthew 27:11-25
  • Jesus was sentenced and scourged – Matthew 27:26-32
  • At about 12:00 PM, Jesus was crucified – Matthew 27:33-45
  • Jesus declares, “It is finished!” – John 19:30
  • At about 3:00 PM, Jesus died on the cross – Matthew 27:46-51
  • Jesus was buried – Matthew 27:57-60

Old Testament

After sunset, the lamb was slaughtered and eaten by the Hebrews while the Death Angel (10th plague) killed the first-born of all the nation of Egypt, and the livestock also “…for there was not a house where there was not one dead.” Pharaoh then called for Moses and Aaron and said “Rise up get out from among my people, both you and the Israelites, and go serve the Lord, as you said” (Exodus 12:31). Then the people began their first short journey away from Egypt…first to Etham on the edge of the wilderness, then to Pi-hathiroth on the shores of the Red Sea.

Day 5 - 15 Nissan (Thursday) - Feast of Unleavened Bread & High Sabbath

This is the day of celebration of the Feast of Unleavened Bread and also known as the High Sabbath (John 19:31). This is not to be confused with the regular Sabbath (Saturday). The high Sabbath was a holy day for the Jews and no work could be done on this day. All roads and bridges leading to Jerusalem had been cleaned the day before from garbage and the corpses of dead animals were removed. Furthermore, all graves had been whitewashed so that the pilgrims coming to Jerusalem would not be defiled. This was the reason the Jewish leadership did not want to have anyone hanging on a cross on the high Sabbath.

Jesus kept this High Sabbath perfectly, as He was in the grave (at rest).

Day 6 - 16 Nissan (Friday) - "The Morrow After"

This is the day was called “the Morrow After” the high Sabbath, and was the day of cutting the barley sheaves…the first grain of the harvest…from which the First Fruits sacrifice would come.

Jesus was in the grave (at rest).

Day 7 - 17 Nissan (Saturday) - Regular Sabbath

New Testament

  • Jesus was in the grave 3 days and 3 nights (Thursday the high Sabbath, Friday, and the Saturday Sabbath) – Matthew 12:38-40 . He is the only one to ever completely keep the Sabbaths, as He was in the GRAVE!

Old Testament

The Israelites were homeless, and did nothing except follow the cloud (God) by day and the fire by night…they were “in the grave”. By the third day, they were camped at the edge of the Red Sea…looking forward to the new home God promised to give them.

Day 8 - 18 Nissan (Easter Sunday) - Day of First Fruits

New Testament

  • During the night, Jesus overcame death and was resurrected from the dead – Matthew 28:1-10
  • The day of First Fruits. Jesus arose as the First Fruit of the barley harvest, the poorest of the grains (barley)!!

Old Testament

During the night, the Israelites crossed the Red Sea on dry ground (Exodus 14:20) to a new life, while Pharaoh and his army (the “death King” and his “army of death”) pursued and drowned in the Red Sea.

After the Resurrection until the Ascension (40 days)

New Testament

  • Jesus stayed on the earth for 40 days – telling us to follow Him and the Holy Spirit – Acts 1:1-3

Old Testament

The Israelites wandered in the desert for 40 years, finally being admitted to the Promised Land with Joshua (Jesus) and Caleb (the Holy Spirit) in the lead. Moses (the Law-Giver) died before they entered.


I go to prepare a place for you…that where I am, you may be also!